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Plants Medicinal

Acacia nilotica

History and use:

The leaves and barks are used for toothache, the fruit are very rich in tannin’s and are used to tan the skin or as an antidiarrheal.

Description of the plant:

It is a tree 10 to 13 meters high. The top gives a rounded appearance. The leaves are composed and appear in the rainy season. The flowers form small yellow balls at the end of the axis the fruits are gray and whitish pods containing the seeds.

Curative Action:

Dysentery is the major indication of this species, and it is especially the fruits with a richness of Gallic tannin exceeding 205% which are used in powder form. The fruits of acacia nilotica and the tannin’s they contain have the property of destroying the algae that invade the backwaters.

Similarly, a decoction of the sprayed fruit thrown into the water kills the crustacea vectors of a terrible African disease, bilharziasis. The Gallic acid phenolic hydroxyl gallitanins seem to be responsible for these actions. The Gallic tannin’s seem more harmless to fish than the saponosides of other plants used for the same purpose.



Take a pinch of the fruit powder without the seeds, 6 grams in case of diarrhea. Rest every hour according to the evolution of pain.


Make a concentrated solution of tannins in boiling water from the fruits, add this water to the marigots containing the crustaceans that carry the disease.

Adansonia Digitata

History and use:

This tree has always struck the imagination for its grotesque shape and size.It is considered sacred tree in many villages. All parts of the plant are used. Apart of its food uses, we can mention antidiarrheal, antirachitic, anti-inflammatory.

Description of the plant:

It is a tree that can reach 20 to 27 meters in height with a huge trunk that can measure 3 meters in diameter. The leaves are alternate and composed of 5 to 8 leaflets. the white flowers hang at the end of a peduncle and give ovoid fruits called monkey bread containing black seeds embedded in a white floury pulp.

There are nine species of baobab trees in the world: one in mainland Africa, Adansonia digitata, (the species that can grow to the largest size and to the oldest age), six in Madagascar, and one in Australia. The mainland African baobab was named after the French botanist Michel Adanson, who described the baobab trees in Senegal.

Since baobabs produce only faint growth rings, the researchers used radiocarbon dating to analyse samples taken from different parts of each tree’s trunk and determined that the oldest (which is now dead) was more that 2,500-years-old.

Curative Action:

The toxicity of the leaves is non-existent orally by subcutaneous injection, give an extract corresponding to 10 grams per kilogram to kill a mouse. The fruit pulp contains carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, vitamins, pectic substances,organic acids and mineral salts the antidiarrheal action is given by carbohydrates and pectic substances that absorb water. the leaves contain a high percentage of calcium useful for food and abundant mucilage which swells in the water and allows a better digestion.

Achillea millefolium

History and use:

The millefeuille is A plant origin from Europe whose healing properties have been known for a long time. yesterday, the yarrow was used to stop the bleeding caused by war wounds. active against the hay fever, it also treats the common cold and the flu, it is also used in case of problems related to menstruation and circulatory disorders.

Description of the plant:

Achillea millefolium is an erect, herbaceous perennial that produces one to several stems 0.2–1 m (0.66–3.28 ft) in height, and has a spreading  Rhizomatous growth form. Leaves are evenly distributed along the stem, with the leaves near the middle and bottom of the stem being the largest. The leaves have varying degrees of hairiness (pubescence). The leaves are 5–25 cm (2.0–8.9 in) long, bipinnate or tripinnate, almost feathery, and arranged spirally on the stems. The leaves are cauline, and more or less clasping.

Yarrow is a perennial plant of the family Asteraceae growing in temperate zones of several continents (Europe, Asia, South America). A plant with a little branched stem, it is usually 60 to 90 cm. some specimens can grow up to two meters, stems are covered with woolly whitish hairs, elongated leaves of yarrow are dark green, petiolate at base, flowering occurs

between June and September. flower heads yarrow are white, pink or purple and have white-yellow to yellow florets in their hearts.

Curative Action:


Antispasmodic and decongestant: yarrow helps relieve digestive disorders, but also menstrual pain.

peptic: it helps digestion and heals dyspepsia.

Emmenagogue : the plant stimulates blood flow to the pelvic region and the uterus.


Healing and coagulation: Applied as a compress, yarrow helps stop bleeding and helps to heal wounds. anti-inflammatory: the plant relieves skin inflammation .

Antispasmodic: used in sitz bath, it relieves menstrual pain.

Antiseptic: yarrow helps to prevent infections.


To treat loss of appetite, digestive disorders and menstrual pain, yarrow is consumed as an infusion, at a rate of one to two teaspoons in 151 ml of water, to be taken three times per day. between meals, liquid extract 1 to 3 ml three times a day or mother tincture 5 ml in a little water or fruit juice three times a day can also be used.

In external use, yarrow is used in three different ways: compresses from an in fusion of one to two teaspoons in 250 ml of water, essential oil diluted in a little oil, vegetable, in sitz bath for menstrual pain, with 100 g of dried plants infused in a liters of water than diluted in twenty liters of hot water. more simply, a fresh yarrow leaf placed in the nostrils will stop nosebleeds.

The plant is found in Australia as an introduction.

Acorus Calamus

History and use:

The acorus is a soothing and stimulating plant of gastric secretions. It is known for its appetizing and carminative properties, as well as soothing effect on the nervous system and joint pains. the plant is generally recommended in case of digestion difficult, chronic gastritis, rash and urticaria.

Description of the plant:

Since long time, men use the true acore as toning and stimulating Ayurvedic medicine attaches great importance to this plant which is also widely used in Europe and the United states facilitating digestion, its rhizome has a tonic action on the nervous system this plant stimulates appetite, reduces flatulence and relieves indigestion and colic It has a bitter taste.

Curative Action:

Western herbalism

True acore solves various disorders aerophagia, colic or bad digestions the amencanus variety proves to be a more powerful antispasmodic intestines It reduces bloating, soothes migraines and facilitates the digestion in small doses, this plant would help reduce the production of stomach acid, while, larger doses would stimulate it different dosages of the same plant can thus cause contrary results.

Traditional and current uses:

In Egypt and India the true acore has been considered as an aphrodisiac for at least 3,500 years. In Europe, it was mainly looking for its stimulating, apentive and digestive action In North America, the decoctions of this plant relieved fevers, stomach cramps and colic the rhizme was chewed to reduce toothache.


Adding a decoction to hot bath water relaxing effect on the muscles and sedative on the nervous system. The plant, like the chamomile, helps to reduce nervous tension and sleep.

Stimulating gastric secretions, against bloating, nausea and

gastro-oesophageal burns, acore is particularly used for its tonic effect on the digestive glands and its relaxing effect on the neuromuscular system.

Ageratum Conyzoids

History and use:

This herb gives off a scent when we crumple the leaves and this explains its use in medico-magic treatments and mental illnesses, It is also used for eye dieseases in instillations, on burns and in pneumonia by rubbing breast.

Description of the plant:

Ageratum conyzoids (billy goat-weedchick weedgoat weedwhite weed) is native to Tropical America, especially Brazil, and considered an invasive weed in many other regions. It is an herb that is 0.5–1 m. high, with ovate leaves 2–7 cm long, and flowers are white to mauve.

In Vietnamese, the plant is called (meaning “pig feces”) due to its growth in dirty areas.

It is an annual upright grass up to 50 cm tall. The opposite leaves are soft to the touch. The flowers gather in small purple or pale blue heads. The crumpled plant gives off a characteristic odor.

Curative Action:

The entire plant contains an essential oil including phenol’s and other products “ageratochromene and conyzorigum”. The essence is antibacterial, especially on staphylococcus aureus.On the other hand, an extract of Ageratum conyzoids showed a antihelmintic action seems rather to be due to a direct effect on the intestinal mucosa rather than to its pest control action.



As a medicinal plantAgeratum conyzoides is widely used by many traditional cultures, against dysentery and diarrhea It is also an insecticide and nematicide

And as the name suggests, fumigating the leaves purifies the house and chases evil spirits according to the old ones.


Put a drop of juice from the leaves into eye instillation.

Weed risk

A. conyzoides is prone to becoming a rampant environmental weed when grown outside of its natural range. It is an invasive weed in Africa, Australia, Southeast Asia and the USA.  It is considered a moderate weed of rice cultivation in Asia.

Pneumonia – Injuries

Rub the patient is chest with the leaves and also disinfect the burns and wounds.









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