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cupping therapy research

cupping therapy research

know about cupping therapy

There is some evidence to suggest that cupping therapy may be beneficial for certain health conditions. However, research into cupping therapy tends to be low-quality. More studies are necessary to understand how cupping therapy works, if it works, and in what situations it may help.

cupping therapy is an ancient method of treatment that has been used in the treatment of a broad range of conditions.

It involves placing cups at certain points on a person’s skin. A practitioner creates suction in the cups, which pulls against a person’s skin.

Cupping can either be dry or wet. Wet cupping involves puncturing the skin before starting the suction, which removes some of the person’s blood during the procedure.

Cupping typically leaves round bruises on a person’s skin, where their blood vessels burst after exposure to the procedure’s suction effects.

There are many types of cupping therapy; however, dry and wet cupping are the two

main types. Dry cupping pulls the skin into the cup without scarifications, while in wet cupping the skin is lacerated so

that blood is drawn into the cup. Although cupping has been a treatment for centuries, and had been used by various culture and societies, its mechanism of action is not well understood. Recently, interest in cupping has re-emerged

and subsequently, several studies have begun to investigate the mechanisms underpinning cupping therapy. For the mainstream doctors trained in western medical sciences, the focus is largely on the biomedical causes of disease, while

traditional medicine practitioners take a holistic approach. Notably, cupping therapy


possibly produces numerous effects through a plethora of mechanisms. Research

scientists tend to explain a particular phenomenon or effect of a drug or device or

cupping therapy by describing its underlying mechanism . In practice, description

of a mechanism is never complete because details of related processes are not fully

identified. Hypothesis-focused research, however, allows investigators to identify

cause-effect relationships, and is a powerful method for modifying theories about

intervention-outcome paradigm. (2008) stated that a common strategy in traditional medicine is to use a reverse research strategy, because traditional therapies -including cupping therapy-have been in clinical use for thousands of years. Accordingly, researchers need to understand what the treatment procedure is, how many variations it has, and what theoretical foundations underline it, the ideas about health and disease, its contextual framework and key treatment components. One of the controversial views concerning cupping therapy

is that it has only a placebo effect. This placebo theory about cupping therapy will remain alive until a reliable and valid mechanism is found out. The controversial arguments related to cupping therapy motivated the authors

of this present study to participate in resolving this scientific dilemma through reviewing available relevant literature. Detailed studies regarding its mechanisms, supported by well-designed scientific researches, would help in the safe and effective application of the cupping therapies. This research endeavor will establish scientific explanations along with evidence-based mechanisms underpinning cupping therapy.

A brief description of cupping therapy:

cupping therapy research

Cupping is a simple application of quick, vigorous, rhythmical strokes to stimulate muscles and is particularly helpful in the treatment of aches and pains associated with various diseases. Thus, cupping carries the pote

ntial to enhance the quality of life. Each cupping session takes about 30 min and

could be conducted in five steps. The first step includes primary suction. In this phase,

the therapist allocates specific points or areas for cupping and

disinfects the area. A cup with a suitable size is placed on the selected site and

the therapist suck the air inside the cup by flame, electrical or manual suction. Then the cup is applied to the skin

and left for a period of three to 7  min. The second step is about scarification or puncturing.

Superficial incisions are made on the skin using Surgical Scalpel Blade No. 16 to 22, or puncturing with a needle, auto-lancing device or a plum-blossom needle. The third step is about suction and bloodletting. The cup is placed back on the skin using the similar procedure described above for three to 7 min. The fourth step includes the removal of the cup, followed by the fifth step which includes dressing the area after cleaning and disinfecting with  approved skin disinfectant. Furthermore, suitable sizes of adhesive strips are then applied to the scarified area, which remain there for 48 h.It is wise to know that the

suction and scarification are the two main techniques of wet cupping therapy. Each technique of cupping might be responsible for certain changes at the level of body cells, tissues or organs. Specific interventions could enhance or suppress body hormones, or it might stimulate or modulate immunity, or it may get rid of harmful substances from the body, and eventually it might ease the pain.

Cupping therapy effects:

There is converging evidence that cupping can induce comfort and relaxation on a systemic level and the resulting increase in endogenous opioid production in the brain leads to improved pain control. Other researchers proposed that the main action of cupping therapy is to enhance the circulation of blood and to remove toxins and waste from the body. That could be achieved through improving micro circulation, promoting capillary endothelial cell repair, accelerating granulation and angiogenesis in the regional tissues, thus helping normalize the patient’s functional state and progressive muscle relaxation. Cupping also removes noxious materials from skin microcirculation and interstitial compartment which benefit the patient. Cupping may be an effective method of reducing low density lipoprotein (LDL) in men and consequently may have a preventive effect against atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Cupping is known to significantly decrease in total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL)/high density lipoprotein (LDL) ratio. Cupping therapy can significantly lower the number of lymphocytes in the local blood related to the affected area with an increase in the number of neutrophils, which is one of the antiviral mechanisms that reduces the pain scores. Loss of blood along with vasodilation tends to increase

the parasympathetic activity and relaxes the body muscles which benefit the patient and could also be ass

ociated with the after effects of cupping. Furthermore, the loss of blood is thought to increase the quality of the remaining blood that improves pain symptoms. It has also been found that cupping increases red blood cells RBCs. It has been claimed that cupping therapy tends to drain excess fluids and toxins, loosen adhesions and revitalize connective tissue, increase blood flow to skin and muscles, stimulate the peripheral nervous system, reduce pain, controls high blood pressure and modulates the immune system. Some researchers believe that the build-up of toxins is the main reason for illness development. In the cupped region, blood vessels are dilated by the action of certain vasodilators such as adenosine, noradrenaline and histamine. Consequently, there is an increase in the circulation of blood to the ill area. This allows the immediate elimination of trapped toxins in the tissues, and, hence, the patient feels better. Cupping has been found to improve subcutaneous blood flow and to stimulate the autonomic ne

rvous system. Like injuries to the skin due to the incisions, stimulation of the skin causes several autono

mic, hormonal, and immune reactions attributed to the sympathetic and parasympathetic efferent nerves to the somato-visceral reflexes related to the organs. Cupping is reported to restore sympathovagal balance and might be cardio-protective by stimulating the peripheral sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system. Cupping seems to play a role in the activation of complement system as well as modulation of cellular part of immune system. There is also a significant reduction in blood sugar in diabetic patients after cupping.Chen and colleagues concluded that there are some improvements in the research concerning the mechanisms of cupping therapy. Overall, cupping is reported to effect changes in the biomechanical properties of the skin, increase immediate pain thresholds in patients with neck pain and in a healthy subject as well, reduce significantly peripheral and local  substance and reduce the inflammation.

cupping therapy research

Cupping therapy outcomes in certain medical conditions:

Cupping therapy is reported to treat a variety of diseases due to the effects of multiple types of sti

mulation.  suggested that cupping therapy appears to be effective for various medical conditions, in particular herpes zoster and associated pain and  facial paralysis, and cervical spondylosis. Cupping therapy is often used for lowering blood pressure and prevents the development of cardio vascular diseases  in healthy people. Wet cupping in conjunction with conventional treatment is reported to effectively treat oral and genital ulceration in patient

 with disease. There is growing evidence that wet cupping is effective in musculoskeletal pain, nonspecific low back pain, neck pain,fibromyalgia and other painful conditions.  concluded that cupping therapy may be effective in alleviating the pain and other symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Cupping therapy is also found to be effective in headache and migraine. Cupping therapy is effective for reducing systolic blood pressure in hypertensive patients for up to 4 weeks without any serious side effects. Evidently, cupping therapy is effective in the treatment of cellulitis. Cupping therapy has been used with various level of evidence in many conditions such as cough, asthma, acne, common cold, urticaria, facial paralysis, cervical spondylosis, soft tissue injury, arthritisand neuro-dermatitis.

The data unequivocally show that cupping  therapy is far from a placebo, however, further investigations must be performed in order to fully understand its mechanism of action.

Side effects and risks

According to the NCCIH, the side effects of cupping can include:

  • lasting skin discoloration
  • scarring
  • burns
  • infection

If a person has a skin condition such as eczema or psoriasis, cupping may make it worse on the area where the practitioner applies the cups.

In rare instances, a person may experience more significant internal bleeding or anemia if the practitioner takes too much blood during wet cupping.

According to a study paper that appears in the Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies, cupping can also cause:

  • headaches
  • tiredness
  • dizziness
  • fainting
  • nausea
  • insomnia

Due to the poor quality of studies investigating cupping, it is difficult to know how common these side effects are.

If a person has any of these side effects following cupping therapy, they should speak to a medical professional. Some people may have health conditions, such as problems with blood clotting, that making cupping less than ideal.

The process of cupping
Is the process of withdrawing blood from the skin surface using cups the air without cause, or following the posting of any superficial scratches with a scalpel, sterilized on the surface of the skin in specific locations for each disease.

cupping therapy research

Types of cupping:

First: dry cupping (Dry Cupping)
And using the stone world knows what cups the air (Glass Cupping) puts her on the subject of pain in the patient’s body without a skin condition, and in the transfer of humours Bad of pain sites to the surface of the skin thus disappears, a large part of the pain, and what used dry cupping in Chinese medicine and is wide, and glasses on the same sites Chinese acupuncture.

Secondly: wet cupping (Wet it)
It uses the scaled in its various forms and differ from dry cupping the skin scarification and light and scaled on the place of striping and discharged from the air through the plant (air intake) and blood humor of Bad logos and veins of small to the surface of the skin.

Third: the stone court-skater (Massage it)
And also cupping sliding, which is similar to dry cupping but be excited about the way fat site ( olive oil or peppermint oil or eucalyptus oil diluted).

Cupping is sometimes classified as independent for the resurrection of this species and in a cupping must they appeared because of the multiplicity of peoples who use the stone court, and forms of these arguments:
Cupping electro – cupping, magnetic cupping. – cupping water – cupping over acupuncture – cupping over needles post – cupping-herbal – cupping blinking (fast).

The general objectives of cupping

cupping therapy research


Work without feeling like a person with a particular disease is evaluated, God willing, from diseases such as paralysis and stroke, etc., and the use of cupping therapy prevention is the best way to work out the amount clean the cells and this is what he’s talking about the West.


Many of the diseases treated by cupping: numbness shoulders pain knees and thinness hemorrhoids, sciatica and allergies food and many sleep.

cupping therapy research

The days in which the cupping blood

The difference between cupping preventative cupping, therapeutic

When you want to study one of them in the conduct of cupping have two goals: either as a treatment for a particular disease, or prevention of various diseases.

  • Cupping treatment:

Interested in cupping a complaint from a viewer or a bug or a health problem where he can make the stone court at any time the separation of time and place, as long as there was a need for him, gave us in this our Messenger when it is forbidden in his head and in the dorsum of the foot of a wrench was it.

  • Cupping preventive:

If interested in cupping does not suffer from any illness or health problem and wants to perform cupping for the purpose of prevention of various diseases only.

cupping therapy research

The moon and cupping

The phases of the moon and its impact:

We know that the moon and its actual effect on the ground although the diameter (3478) as just how much its mass part of (80) part of the mass of the earth it reaches from near average (385000) how many degrees make a powerful attraction with great effect the oceans rises to be the tides and even the crust of land is not devoid of influences.

Vertebrate North America may rise by fifteen centimeters when the moon clears it.

That the moon has an impact on the animals, since Mulder gel to reach the stage of full moon there will be sexual activity when animals.

Recent studies of cupping:

Have revealed many of the research studies conducted on cupping that have great benefits are still unknown to many people, the resurrection played an important role in the activation of the different functions of the members of the body and prevents diseases, imagine the damaged pyramid of balls and impurities increasing the blood supply to all tissues and organs.

Cupping affects a lot of systems and organs of the human body and helps to heal the diseases of the modern represent health problems.

cupping therapy research

How to use medicinal plants?

There are different ways to use medicinal plants. Extract, where it is pour boiling water over the flowers, plants, filter and drink it. Soak, where they pour boiling water on a large amount of plant material, and after twenty minutes is drinking it. Boiled, it is boiled all the parts of the plant with water, here also used parts of the plant are hard, such as roots, stem, chaff, and seeds. Times, in this case, the powder has mixed the plant with the fat.

Is the use of medicinal plants, depending on the type of flower and the type of treatment that we would like to get them. It is important to point out that herbal and medicinal, cannot be enough to heal when we note that the disease remains, we must see a doctor before it is too late.

Medicinal herbs and benefits of the therapeutic are not just beliefs but under the content of these herbal compounds effectively inhibit the properties to you the most important herbal medicinal benefits wonderful:

cupping therapy research


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